So, what is a tincture?
Tinctures are liquid extracts made from either dried or fresh plant material that are macerated in alcohol, glycerin, wine, and even vinegar (though anything other alcohol is technically considered an extract). They are taken orally by the drop or dropperful depending on the herb used and they can be made using dried or fresh flowers, leaves, roots, barks, resins, and berries.
It is widely believed that alcohol creates a better solvent than water in the extraction process. However, both alcohol and water extract different qualities and constituents from plants, which is why many herbalists will use a high proof vodka for tincturing as it contains both. Official tinctures are made with a minimum of 45% alcohol with an herb ratio of 1:4. Tinctures made using glycerin as a solvent are called glycerites and are usually milder in potency. They are popular for children’s remedies due to their sweet.